Northumberland Buff

Medium grained honey/buff sandstone.

Quarried near Otterburn, Northumberland, this Honey coloured stone is fine grained, with a striped pattern running through it. Northumberland Buff is taken from the top seem of Blaxter quarry, which has been operated since the late 1800’s. This stone has been used for many key buildings, mainly in Newcastle, such as the Theatre Royal. More recently it has been used on Princes Street Edinburgh, for an infill development, and the Stephenson Quarter Development, behind the train station, Newcastle, which includes a Crown Plaza Hotel.


Ashlar Walling
Thin Cladding, Generix Lite System  
Dressed / Carved Stone
Rock Faced Walling
Rubble Walling  
Rockery Stone  
External Flooring / Paving  
External Steps / Platts  
Internal Flooring (requires sealant)

Declaration of Performance

To BS EN 771-6-2011 Natural Stone Masonry Units

Resistance to Fire Class A1
Shear Bond Strength Fixed Value
Apparent Density (Kg/m³) 2143
Open Porosity (%) 18.63
Water Absorpotion (g/m.sec²) 98.2
Compressive Strength (Mpa) 36
Flexural Strength (Mpa) 3.8
Frost Resistance (Cycles) 84
Thermal Conductivity NPD

Case Study

121/123 Princes Street, Edinburgh

  • Stone Used: Northumberland Buff
  • Stone Supplied To: S McConnell & Sons Ltd
  • Architect: NORR Consultants Ltd
  • Year: 2012